A battery electric vehicle (BEV) is a type of electric vehicle (EV) that uses chemical energy stored in rechargeable battery packs.
BEVs use electric motors and motor controllers instead of internal combustion engines (ICEs) for propulsion. A battery-only electric vehicle or all-electric vehicle derives all its power from its battery packs and thus has no internal combustion engine, fuel cell, or fuel tank. BEVs include bicycles, scooters, rail cars, forklifts, buses, trucks, and vehicles.
Since the introduction of the all-electric Nissan Leaf in December 2010, over 600,000 legal highway plug-in electric vehicles have been sold worldwide by September 2014, of which more than 356,000 are all-electric passenger cars and light-duty trucks. The best-selling all-electric vehicle, the Nissan Leaf, sold over 150,000 units worldwide by November 2014.