A battery electric vehicle (BEV), battery-only electric vehicle (BOEV), or all-electric vehicle is a type of electric vehicle (EV) that uses chemical energy stored in rechargeable battery packs. BEVs use electric motors and motor controllers instead of internal combustion engines (ICEs) for propulsion.
They derive all power from battery packs and thus have no internal combustion engine, fuel cell, or fuel tank. BEVs include bicycles, scooters, skateboards, rail cars, watercraft, forklifts, buses, trucks, and cars. Since the introduction of the all-electric Nissan Leaf in December 2010, about 1 million highway-legal plug-in electric vehicles have been sold worldwide by mid-September 2015, of which about 620,000 are all-electric passenger cars and light-duty trucks. The best-selling all-electric car in history is the Nissan Leaf, with sales of 200,000 units worldwide by early December 2015, followed by the Tesla Model S, with global sales of 100,000 units also by early December 2015.
Adapted from the introduction of Electric Vehicle Technology Explained by James Larminie.